Patients who are slowly moving for a long time due to severe conditions of the disease, gradually suffer from movement disorders and inappropriate deformation of the organs. This is especially true in bed-dependent patients in the event of an end-to-end condition or in need of long-term admissions. In these situations, the implementation of physiotherapy exercises has a significant role in preventing these complications. These exercises are carried out in the form of training various exercises, using standard training devices, gyms, and water therapy pools.
Following to reduction in the mobility of the patients, they gradually lose their functional independence and may be affiliated to people to do simple things every day. An occupational therapist, trying to manage life in the environment, preserving recommendations and equipment suitable for the patient, trying to provide maximum functional autonomy for everyday life, as well as maximum safety and well-being for the patient.
Prevention and Controlling of lymphedema:
Lymph is a type of fluid that flows in the lymph vessels and it is characterized by its high protein content. Disruption of lymphatic drainage, usually followed by breast removal during surgery, as well as radiation therapy and chemotherapy, leads to lymphatic edema (swelling caused by lymph accumulation). Lymph accumulation somewhere causes pain and stimulating inflammatory reactions in the body. In addition to the relatively severe pain, this complication prevents the patient from performing daily activities. Approximately 70% of patients with breast cancer after undergoing surgery catches lymphedema, but the incidence of it in different individual vary. In order to prevent the development of lymphatic drainage, special methods of lumbar massage and caring for affected hands are very effective.
The lymph therapist takes the necessary therapeutic measures to prevent, diagnose, and treat lymphedema. These services include training on prevention of lymphatic drainage, frequent medical visits to reduce swelling, the use of auxiliary devices for lymph drainage and the training of home-based therapies to prevent reoccurrence or rapid progression of the disorder.