The present study was conducted aiming to determine the effectiveness of compassionfocused therapy on perceived stress, body image anxiety, valuing body and psychologic distress in the women suffering from breast cancer. The statistical population of the presentstudy included women with breast cancer referring to Ala’ cancer prevention and control center in Isfahan in spring and summer of 2018. Research method was quasi-experimental with pretest, posttest, control group and 45-day follow-up. The independent variable is compassion-focused therapy and dependent variables are perceived stress, body image anxiety, valuing the body and psychological distress in the women with breast cancer. The sample size was 30 women with breast cancer who were selected from those referring to Ala’ cancer prevention and control center through convenient method and were randomly replaced into experimental and control groups (15 patients in the experimental group and 15 patients in the control groups). The experimental group received eight ninety-minute sessions of compassion-focused therapy during two-and-a-half months once a week while the control group didn’t receive any intervention during the study. Then the people in both groups took the posttest. Follow-up stage was administered after 45 days. The applied instruments included valuing body questionnaire (Ghoddoosi, et.al, 2011), perceived stress questionnaire (Cohen, et.al, 2005), psychological distress questionnaire (Kesler, et.al. (2003), body image anxiety questionnaire (Litelton, et.al, 2005). After collecting questionnaires and extracting raw data, data analysis of the study was done via SPSS23 through descriptive statistics and repeated measurement ANOVA. The results of data analysis showed that compassion-focused therapy has significantly influenced perceived stress, body image anxiety, valuing body and psychological distress in the women with breast cancer at the posttest and follow-up stage (p<0001).
Perceived stress, Valuing body, Psychological distress, Compassion-focused therapy, Breast cancer, Body image anxiety